Polyelectrolytes are referred to as polymer chains with an electrolyte group on every repeat unit. When dissolved in a polar solvent, these polymers are charged due to dissociation of small counter ions that leave behind a charged macro ion. Polyelectrolytes include biologically important molecules such as polypeptides and DNA. These are referred to as polymers that are generally used for water purification. It is highly noted for its beneficiary nature of handling problems of slow settling of flocs in water at low temperature, treating soft colored water where they increases toughness of the flocs and enhance its settlement ability.
Polyelectrolytes are formulated in a way so as to be used as coagulants and flocculants as well as a sludge dewatering agent in the waste water treatment plants. Polyelectrolyte, thereby, plays an indispensable part in the sludge conditioner formulation.
Generally flocculation occurs owing to charges present on the particles. Generally, Polyelectrolyte can be differentiated into 3 types based on the charge present on it. These are Non-Ionic Polyelectrolyte, Anionic Polyelectrolyte, and Cationic Polyelectrolyte. In practical cases, charges are present on the impurity particles and electrostatic interaction occurs between these particles and polyelectrolyte.
Superior Efficiency Flocculation with Polyelectrolyte is a well known function of this product that is offered by Chemtex Speciality Limited. It acts as a decolorant, and is effective in algae growth inhibition and organics removal. It can completely replace Alum or PAC. Polyelectrolyte can be safely used for the disinfection of potable water. It finds applications in variable sectors such as water treatment, mining, cosmetics, textiles, soil treatment, paper making, oil industries, etc.
Chemtex Speciality Limited manufactured product Polyelectrolyte serves as a strong cationic radical polymer based coagulant that has been specially designed for complete or partial settling of water soluble matters, organics, and suspended solids in the effluent water through electro neutralization and bridging absorption. Bridging absorption takes place when long chain polymers get absorbed on the particles in a pattern such that it forms loops and tails extending some way in the solution. At this stage, particles are said to be re-stabilized.